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Jun 24, 2010 12:06 PM by Melissa Canone

Oil Waste Disposal

ORANGE BEACH, Ala. (AP) - A leaky truck filled with oil-stained
sand and absorbent boom soaked in crude pulls away from the beach,
leaving tar balls in a public parking lot and a messy trail of sand
and water on the main beach road. A few miles away, brown liquid
drips out of a disposal bin filled with polluted sand.
BP PLC's work to clean up the mess from the worst offshore oil
spill in U.S. history already has generated more than 1,300 tons of
solid waste, and companies it hired to dispose of the material say
debris is being handled professionally and carefully.
A spot check of several container sites by The Associated Press,
however, found that's not always the case.
Along the northern Gulf coast, where miles of beaches have been
coated with oil intermittently for two weeks, the check showed the
handling and disposal of oily materials was haphazard at best.
A mound of oily sand sits in an uncovered waste container in a
parking lot at the crown jewel of Alabama's park system, Gulf State
Park. Water from the previous night's storm drips out of the bin
into a brown pool on the asphalt.
In Pensacola, Fla., along the road through Gulf Islands National
Seashore, trash bags from the debris removal hang over the side of
big storage bins.
A waste collection area dotted with numerous bins full of spill
debris stands in what seems like an odd spot: Smack in the middle
of the tourist section in Gulf Shores, Ala., directly across the
street from a seafood restaurant hungry for customers because of a
lack of tourists.
Cleaning up a spill is an undeniably messy job, particularly
when crude oil or tar balls are washing ashore in varying amounts
in four states. The debris isn't classified as hazardous waste, so
it can be placed in landfills that accept ordinary household
garbage, including table scraps.
Yet Jerry Kidd, doing maintenance work at a condominium,
couldn't believe it when he saw a Waste Management Inc. truck pull
away from a collection site in Orange Beach piled with loose sand,
oil-smeared protective gear and oily boom pulled out of the water.
It was trailing pollution of its own.
The company says it is using 535 containers lined with what
amount to huge black trash bags to collect debris from Mississippi,
Alabama and part of the Florida Panhandle under a contract with BP.
But not all of the bins really are lined, and liners have failed in
others.
"They're going down the road leading to the landfill; they take
the same route every day. They're leaking onto the roads, into the
storm sewers," said Kidd. "There's no telling where it's going."
The Alabama Department of Public Health, which regulates the
transportation of such wastes in the state, said it wasn't aware of
the problem until contacted by AP.
"This needs to be taken care of, and get these things sealed
tight," said Pres Allinder, director of environmental services for
the department. "There's no point in collecting this stuff if
they're just going to spread it around."
Waste Management is taking solid wastes from the three states to
landfills in Vernon, Ala.; Pass Christian, Miss.; and Campbellton,
Fla. Spokesman Ken Haldin said the company would be more careful,
having drivers check bins for problems and possibly using a new
type of liner, because of the AP findings.
"It is something we are going to be addressing," he said.
"They're probably isolated situations, but we are still early in
the process with all this work."
Despite problems, Haldin said Waste Management is trying to make
sure oil spill contamination isn't spread inland.
"There are a whole set of steps we are taking to make sure this
operation is safe," he said.
Liquid waste, such as oily water left from the cleaning of
oil-blocking booms or the mix of oil and water picked up by skimmer
boats in the Gulf, is handled separately. The oily residue is
processed for sale where possible and the water is reused or
injected underground.
The amount of waste being generated sounds staggering, but it's
not unusual in the disposal business.
"This whole spill is going to be a drop in the bucket for its
impact on landfills," said Vic Cullpepper, technical director at
River Birch Landfill, near New Orleans. "A lot of people are
trying to blow this up and say it's going to be a problem for
landfills, but it's not."
BP says 761 tons of crude-contaminated waste already has been
buried at the two landfills in Alabama and Florida. Some 13,100
cubic yards of oily waste have been buried in Louisiana, where the
amount is being tallied by volume instead of weight.
Marlin Ladner, a supervisor with Harrison County, Miss., is
angry about spill waste being buried in his coastal county, which
still is trying to recover from Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The
county could use the dumping fees from the disposal operations, he
said, but there are too many uncertainties.
"I just don't think it's worth it," he said. "I just have a
problem with BP, in effect, polluting our beaches, bays and
estuaries and then turning around and hauling that stuff and
dropping it just four or five miles from the coast here."
BP says no oily material will be sent to the Mississippi
landfill.

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