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Jun 4, 2010 12:19 PM by Melissa Canone

Day 45 Of The Gulf Of Mexico Oil Spill

A summary of events on Friday, June 4, Day 45 of the Gulf of
Mexico oil spill that began with the April 20 explosion and fire on
the drilling rig Deepwater Horizon, owned by Transocean Ltd. and
leased by BP PLC, which is in charge of cleanup and containment.
The blast killed 11 workers. Since then, oil has been pouring into
the Gulf from a blown-out undersea well.

CAP
BP reported some oil was flowing up a pipe Friday from a cap it
wrestled onto its broken Gulf of Mexico well. But crude still
spewed and it was unclear how much could be captured in the latest
bid to tame the nation's worst oil spill. The funnel-like lid is
designed to channel oil for pumping to a surface tanker. The
government's point man for the crisis, Coast Guard Adm. Thad Allen,
said it was too early to tell if it will work - and it will be, at
best, a temporary and partial fix.

HOW MUCH?
BP's Chief Operating Officer Doug Suttles said it will be later
in the day before they know how much is being captured. He said on
NBC's "Today" show that some of the oil still pouring out came
from vents deliberately placed to keep icelike crystals from
forming and blocking the funnel. BP will try to close those four
vents in succession and reduce the spill, he said.

OBAMA
Determined to project both command and compassion, President
Barack Obama is returning to the Louisiana coast for a fresh
reality check on work to stanch the oil spewing into the Gulf of
Mexico and the spiraling effects of the nation's worst
environmental disaster. The president underscored his focus on the
Gulf by abruptly canceling plans for a trip to Indonesia and
Australia later this month.

MILITARY
U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates rejects a more forceful role
for the military in plugging the Gulf of Mexico oil leak. Gates
says the deep-water disaster is beyond the military's expertise.
Oil company BP is using its own equipment to try to stop the leak -
equipment the U.S. military does not have. Gates said Friday that
the U.S. military is ready to do whatever it can to respond. But he
said there isn't much the military can do beyond providing some
manpower. There is a growing call for some kind of federal takeover
of the spill, which has now been gushing for six weeks.

IXTOC
Parallels between the Ixtoc well disaster and the current BP oil
spill offer sobering lessons. The 1979 spill began with a burst of
gas through a well being drilled in the Gulf of Mexico. Workers
scrambled to close safety valves. But within moments, the platform
caught fire and collapsed. Numerous attempts to stanch the spill
failed. Three decades later, it remains the world's worst peacetime
oil spill, at 140 million gallons. Mexico's state-owned oil
company, Pemex, tried methods similar to those that BP has
attempted at its Deepwater Horizon rig. But it took 10 months to
stop the leak.

EARLY WARNING
Newly disclosed internal Coast Guard documents from the day
after the explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon rig indicated that
U.S. officials were warning of a leak of 336,000 gallons per day of
crude from the well in the event of a complete blowout. The volume
turned out to be much closer to that figure than the 42,000 gallons
per day that BP first estimated. Weeks later that was revised to
210,000 gallons. Now, an estimated 500,000 to 1 million gallons of
crude is believed to be leaking daily. The Center for Public
Integrity, which initially reported the Coast Guard logs, said it
obtained them from Rep. Darrell Issa, R-Calif., ranking Republican
on the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee.

FLORIDA
Gooey blobs of oil tar are washing ashore in growing numbers on
the white-sand beaches of Gulf Islands National Seashore as a slick
from the BP spill approaches the Florida Panhandle. County
emergency officials reported that spotters who had been seeing a
few tar balls in recent days found a substantially larger number
early Friday along the national park shore and nearby beaches. The
park is a long string of connected barrier islands near Pensacola.

MORE BIRDS
The damage to the environment was chilling on East Grand Terre
Island along the Louisiana coast, where workers found birds coated
in thick, black goo. Images shot by an Associated Press
photographer show brown pelicans drenched in thick oil, struggling
and flailing in the surf. Authorities said 60 birds, including 41
pelicans, were being rescued. That more than doubled the number of
birds at the rescue center next to Fort Jackson.

COMMUNITY MEETING
In oil-soaked Grand Isle, Jason French might as well have
painted a bulls-eye on his back. His mission was to be BP's
representative at a meeting for 50 or so residents who had gathered
at a church to vent. French said everyone is angry and frustrated,
and BP is working hard to fix things. Residents weren't buying it.
"Sorry doesn't pay the bills," said Susan Felio Price, a longtime
resident.

SAND BERMS
BP is establishing a $360 million escrow account to fund a
project to build six sand berms that Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal
hopes will protect the state's wetlands from the growing Gulf of
Mexico slick. Hours after Jindal urged the British oil giant to
start doling out the payments immediately, the company said it had
approved the accounts. The federal government on Wednesday ordered
BP to pay for the project, which Jindal and other state officials
have long sought.

LAURA BUSH
Former first lady Laura Bush says she doesn't think President
Barack Obama should be faulted for the continuing oil spill crisis
in the Gulf Coast area. Interviewed on "Good Morning America,"
Mrs. Bush said she thinks everything possible is being done, and
solving the problem cannot be one person's responsibility. She was
asked about comparisons with the federal government's slow response
to Hurricane Katrina under the leadership of her husband, President
George W. Bush. She declined to answer directly, but did say
"there's always a lot of finger-pointing in something like this."

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