Mar 1, 2013 7:07 PM by Allison Bourne-Vanneck
Type 1, also known as Childhood Diabetes, is on the rise. New research published in the journal "Diabetes Cares" studied 100,000 children in Philadelphia from 1985 to 2005. The research shows the biggest increase of Type 1 diabetes is in children under the age of five. There was a 70 percent increase in cases within that age group.
To break down the numbers by race, researches say Hispanic children had the most cases of diabetes across all ages, and African-American children have the biggest increase in children under the age of 4.
Doctors says the rise in childhood diabetes is mysterious, and they don't know exactly what is causing it. But there are new and improved technologies to help diabetic patients receive insulin.
Eleven-year-old Arthur Hall has Type 1 diabetes, but now has a tool that makes his insulin treatment less painful.
"It's really fun because you don't have to stick yourself. Every three days you have to change it out," Arthur Hall said.
Arthur keeps his insulin pump strapped on all the time, even when he plays football. It's one of the newest on the market.
"Well your blood sugar is going to pop up to this...and you just press "At" and put the carbs in. Or do the corrections. You see if I put 10 carbs in, it's going to give me one unit," Arthur said.
Doctor Janna Flint says the pump continuously supplies insulin.
"A patient with diabetes who is wearing a pump, when they eat, they have to take out the pump and tell the pump how much they are eating and what their blood sugar is," Flint said.
Michelle Pelous has had Type 1 diabetes since childhood.
"My insulin pump, I wear it 24/7 and it helps me to better control my diabetes. It helps me have a better A-1-C, testing my blood sugar 6 to 8 times a day."
Dr. Flint helps children like Arthur realize treating his diabetes is manageable.
"You have to eat right, you have to watch what you eat, you have to watch what you drink or what you do," Arthur said.